Weed and Teens

Facts
In this video we cover what marijuana is and the effects it has on teenagers. We dive into the long-term cognitive effects for teens, whether they are different for teens vs adults as well as limitations and barriers to research.

This video was made by McMaster Demystifying Medicine students Gurratan Gill, Jiawei Sun, Jiawen (Fred) Deng and Simran Saini.

Copyright McMaster University 2020

References:
Blest-Hopley, G., Colizzi, M., Giampietro, V., & Bhattacharyya, S. (2020). Is the adolescent brain at greater vulnerability to the effects of cannabis? A narrative review of the evidence. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 859.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, March 07). How is marijuana used? Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/marijuana/faqs/how-is-marijuana-used.html

Chye, Y., Christensen, E., & Yücel, M. (2020). Cannabis use in adolescence: a review of neuroimaging findings. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 16(1), 83-105.

Coffey, C., & Patton, G. C. (2016). Cannabis Use in Adolescence and Young Adulthood. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 61(6), 318-327. doi:10.1177/0706743716645289
Cyrus, E., Coudray, M., Kiplagat, S., Mariano, Y., Noel, I., Galea, J., . . . Wagner, E. (2020). A review investigating the relationship between cannabis use and adolescent cognitive functioning. Current Opinion in Psychology, 38, 38-48. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.07.006

De Luca, Cinzia R.; Leventer, Richard J. (2008). “Developmental trajectories of executive functions across the lifespan”. In Anderson, Peter; Anderson, Vicki; Jacobs, Rani (eds.). Executive functions and the frontal lobes: a lifespan perspective. Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis. pp. 24–47. ISBN 978-1-84169-490-0. OCLC 182857040.

Gorey, C., Kuhns, L., Smaragdi, E., Kroon, E., & Cousijn, J. (2019). Age-related differences in the impact of cannabis use on the brain and cognition: A systematic review. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 269(1), 37-58.
doi:10.1007/s00406-019-00981-7

Hindley, G., Beck, K., Borgan, F., Ginestet, C. E., Mccutcheon, R., Kleinloog, D., . . . Howes, O. D. (2020). Psychiatric symptoms caused by cannabis constituents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), 344-353. doi:10.1016/s2215- 0366(20)30074-2

Lorenzetti, V., Hoch, E., & Hall, W. (2020). Adolescent cannabis use, cognition, brain health and educational outcomes: A review of the evidence. European Neuropsychopharmacology,36, 169-180. doi:10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.03.012

Pacheco-Colón, I., Ramirez, A. R., & Gonzalez, R. (2019). Effects of Adolescent Cannabis Use on Motivation and Depression: A Systematic Review. Current Addiction Reports, 6(4), 532-546. doi:10.1007/s40429-019-00274-y

Sagar, K. A., & Gruber, S. A. (2018). Marijuana matters: Reviewing the impact of marijuana on cognition, brain structure and function, & exploring policy implications and barriers to research. International Review of Psychiatry, 30(3), 251-267.
doi:10.1080/09540261.2018.1460334

Schilling, S., Melzer, R., & Mccabe, P. F. (2020). Cannabis sativa. Current Biology, 30(1). doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.10.039

Small, E. (2015). Evolution and Classification of Cannabis sativa (Marijuana, Hemp) in Relation to Human Utilization. The Botanical Review, 81(3), 189-294. doi:10.1007/s12229-015-
9157-3

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